Brain development and language acquisition in the first two years of a child

Two-year-olds are too little to attend school; they are full of energy and are ready to explore each and everything that comes their way. At this age, the preschooler is curious and does not understand the whys, what’s and how’s of the world (Richardson, 2006). Games Research has shown that games play a big role in the development of a child’s brain. Language acquisitions is also important for them to be able to communicate better. This paper describes ways in which children can be helped in their language acquisition and in their brain development

Maze

A maze is a collection of interconnecting pathways. It is a graphical puzzle that the solver must work his way out from the entrance to the exit . A maze requires your child to try and figure out a solution. It gets the child to think of how he can reach the centre by finding different paths. This game boosts a child’s problem-solving ability. Since a maze also requires the child to draw lines in between the maze, it develops a child’s motor development skills at a very early age.

Pretend and play kit

This is a set of equipment that has children friendly pretend tools. The package can contain doctor tools, household tools depending on the area of pretense. This allows the kids to pretend to be different people they admire to be; they can act to be as princesses, moms, Batman or even Superman. Act kits not only help in the creativity of a child,  but also in character building of the child. Through pretense, the child will learn how to treat others and what should be done in certain situations, for example by hugging a doll in the pretence that  it is crying. These tools help them to be more creative and to understand their environment better.

Ways  to support  Infant language acquisition

Singing

Musical activities help a child to develop an awareness of the sound found in speech and also how language is constructed. Singing and listening to songs helps a child in their ability to listen to words. Infants recognize the melody long before they even understand the words in the song. When the melody is known, it is easier for a child to remember the repetitive words used in the song. This repetition encourages the use of words and memorization of words. Through singing children find it entertaining to learn new things

Reading out books

Reading out books helps the children to learn new words. The more an adult reads out a book to an infant the more the child becomes curious to understand the plot of the story, the characters and also what different words (Davis & Bedore, 2013). An adult can also go an extra mile to create books and using pictures of their child as the character of the story. Reading out this unique book helps the child understand new word better because the child can see themselves in the story and they will love the book.

Chatting

Talking with children gives them input of the word and ideas they need to learn. Conversations with children ensure that the children are involved in their development. By asking them questions, commenting on their responses and using unfamiliar words while at it(Gervain & Werker, 2008), it helps the child to concentrate and understand how to use different words in communicating. Chatting with children ensures that an adult can recognize what children is thinking or what has held its attention. By noticing the thing that is holding their attention, adults have the opportunity to talk more about the child’s interest and include high-quality conversations to enrich a child’s vocabulary. (Feldman, n.d.)

Labeling

This is an excellent way to help a child acquire language. Labeling items in visually appealing ways, attract the Childs’ eye, and the child is curious to know the thing. Labeling directs the child’s attention to the item, but the adult has to describe the things to the infant to enhance his memory and understanding. When the adult is not around the child can look at the item and remember it as it was described and as it is label

Reference

Davis, B., & Bedore, L. (2013). An Emergence Approach to Speech Acquisition. Hoboken: Taylor and Fran Feldman, R. Child development. cis.

Gervain, J., & Werker, J. (2008). How Infant Speech Perception Contributes to Language                  Acquisition. Language And Linguistics Compass, 2(6), 1149-1170.                  http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-818x.2008.00089.x

Richardson, F. (2006). A young mind in a growing brain. Jerome Kagan, & Elinore Chapman Herschkowitz. Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ, 2005. pp. 336, Price: $29.95; £21.50. ISBN 080585309X. Inf. Child Develop., 15(5), 555-557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/icd.487