Ethical Decision

Ethics is a concept that defines rights and wrongs. It seeks to resolve human conflicts as it represents what just virtues and vices is. Kidder describes ethics as a science of ideal human character or the moral duty. The society is obligated to follow this values for the right of everyone. They apply in our day to day activities and also in the professional field. Dozens of ethic policies have come up in regards to how people should behave in all the fields; medical field, business field and the field of law among others

The most fundamental question is what should I do? How should I act? Is it right or wrong? These are the questions that come into one’s mind before making a decision. In my case, I was on the verge of committing suicide since I did not see a reason for living anymore. There were too many challenges in my life that I thought the best way out was to take my life. After all the planning of how I would take my life, I just could not get myself to do it. It did not feel right to commit suicide, besides I was not the only one going through something in my life.I came to the conclusion that I should survive like the rest of the world was surviving and I went to seek medical help.

Utilitarian theory

This theory is based on the ability to predict the consequences of an action. In this theory, the choices that benefit most people is the ethically correct choice. This decision is made despite the personal feelings or the social constraints. It takes consideration the laws, just and the justest way available.In the case of the utilitarian theory was used to come to a decision.It would cause a lot of pain and losses to family and friend if the suicidal act took place.It would also be a loss to the Nation at large for having lost a young person who had great dreams and also a university student being trained to become a profession in some years to come.

Virtue theory.

This theory defines a person by their character but not by an action that deviates from his normal behavior. It takes one’s morals and reputation when rating an action of a person relating to cases where they may have acted in an unethical manner. This theory does not consider that a person’s behavior can change. The method brought out the fact that it was not in my character to give up so easily despite the challenges that come. As I had faced various challenges before the ones that made me want to commit suicide, I would face this one too and not commits suicide.

Methodology

Defining the problem

Problem-solving methods provide an easy way out when approaching a problem;  they help in defining a problem and eliminating the cause of the problem.At this stage one is required to identify exactly what the problem is, why did it happen, how often does it happen. In the case above we would question why the thought of suicide? What was the problem? At this stage, one deals with the real issue, not its symptoms. After this, one should come up with a plan to identify the cause of the problem.

What might happen if?

Evaluate the possible strategies that can be used to solve the problem. These strategies can be like, should I just commit suicide to solve my problems? Can I talk to someone to help me with want I am going through? Or should I just ignore and live with my problems?.At this stage, one evaluates all these strategies and what will happen if one decided to act in a certain way.

Work the strategy

Once the strategies to solve the problem, have been assessed. Pick one strategy that you think is best enough to address the problem. At this case, it helps one determine if they have found the cause of the problem they are going through. And then work on the answer they have found to work best. In the fatal case, the best answer was to seek professional help from a psychiatrist

Professionals can apply their knowledge and skills. Ethics do not allow professional to deal with cases that they know they will not offer their broad expertise and experience in the field. For example, a judge can decide not to be involved in a case where he has vested interest. This is a case of professional ethics; the judge may give a biased ruling in the case because he has vested interest in the case. His personal interests limit him to apply full knowledge and skills in his job.

The ethics give guidelines to managers and employees as to what is expected of them in their working environment and also their legal considerations (Dolgoff, Loewenberg& Harrington, 2009). This code of ethic ensures that the law legally protects companies in case a professional does something illegal or something that is out of his duty in the name of the enterprise. Employees are expected to follow work guidelines to ensure professionalism in their work .

On a personal level, ethical theories form a basis that a person has to behave in a certain way (Dolgoff, Loewenberg& Harrington, 2009). They provide a  standard for evaluating a person’s conduct, giving a person ability to understand various arguments and to defend a conclusion if it is right or wrong. With these theories in mind, one gains confidence that they are acting in a morally proper manner,

Reference

Dolgoff, R., Loewenberg, F., & Harrington, D. (2009).Ethical decisions for social work practice. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Ethical decisions.(2014). Dental Abstracts, 59(2), e37-e38.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.denabs.2013.11.014.