Time to Getting Tough on Tehran

This paper examines the nuclear deal which was signed by the USA and other powerful nations together with Iran on July 2015. The nuclear deal was meant to protect Iran as a nation from making nuclear weapons. The deal was largely viewed as a great milestone achievement, in fact, the deal is crucial because, among other things, it will serve to protect the environment and human lives.

Though the United States has been on record in fighting against the creation of nuclear weapons particularly in countries in the Middle East, the fight has been extremely challenging since the administration itself has not succeeded in monitoring and controlling dangerous activities conducted in Tehran. For a number of years, the United States government has not succeeded in its fight against the making of nuclear weapons especially in Iran, since Iran is an Islamic republic governed by policies which do not address critical concerns such as, the making and handling dangerous weapons like nuclear. Governed by such laws, the United States will have to admit with the fact that Iran is a dangerous country and strict jurisdictions need to be put in place, otherwise, it will be hard to stop it.

In actual fact, nations like Israel and other countries in the Middle East have had to face serious challenges which have known to be instigated by Tehran. As such, the United States should be aware that, if the Islamic world happens to join the Soviet Union, the peace between Washington and Tehran will automatically come to an end. This might be the case since the Iranian policies have existed together with policies championed by JCPOA. Iran will become even stronger because some policies allow the country to trade with uranium without any control. Therefore, this means that Iran can make nuclear products for research or development. Again, the policies supported by JCPOA provide Iran with too much freedom to the extent of allowing the country to make ballistic missiles as well as coming up with nuclear weapon programs.

Indications show that after the agreement expires, Iran will not be restricted from building any nuclear restoration and having much uranium as it wishes to have. According to the JCPOA, Iran is a nuclear state with the capacity to make a bomb which would be called the Iranian bomb. This clearly allows Iranians to go for more nuclear weapons in the quest for power. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has announced a uranium enrichment program as part of its civilian nuclear. Though the United States had agreed to this, it is, however, trying to provoke the nuclear makers.

Scientists are on the frontline in support of Tehran to build more nuclear weapons. In fact, the Iranian negotiators are basing their arguments on this since the scientists are on record in support of more and powerful nuclear weapons. Thus, this has given the Iran officials more power to defend their programs. Additionally, the JCPOA also allows Iran to advance with programs of nuclear which will be installed in the eighth year of the agreement. Though this might be seen as rendering Iran powerless, it still provides the nation with the avenue to build more dangerous weapons.

Though President Hassan Rouhani has admitted that the development of new centrifuges is running so fast, Iran should, however, build small facility producing weapons. This is because, once Iran builds weapons on graded uranium, it will also be in a position to make ballistic missiles. Officials in the United States like secretary of state John Kerry have agreed that the government should search for other ways to make this policy a weak one. Suggestions have been put on the table that the United States officials should come up with laws which stipulate that when the agreement expires, the United States and other powers nations that signed the deal with Iran should be allowed to vote on whether to extend the agreement with five years or reject the treaty. However, a good proposal is that the vote is cast after every five years. This will serve as a nuclear nonproliferation treaty.

As the struggle continues, the United States, the powerful nations together with Iran should agree on ways of stopping the transport of uranium out of Iran. Since the JCPOA postulates that Iran’s expenditure on fuel from its plutonium production will be closed, measures should also be put in place to do the same for uranium. This will go a long way in shortening its nuclear breakout. Additionally, the United States with the help of other nations, ought to come up with ways of ensuring Iran’s ballistic missiles not to function at all. On the other hand, the whole world should demand that Iran stops its development of missiles and nuclear. With the support of other nations, the United States will be able to put more pressure on Iran, and thus the country will have no choice but to dismantle its nuclear and missiles like what happened in South Africa in 1990.

With the South African as the basis, it will give the international atomic energy agency more power to control the situation. Even through this hard fought struggle, the JCPOA has been reluctant in its part in stopping efforts by Iran to build dangerous weapons. The UN Security Council has tried to mediate in the issue in order to bring some change. However, some countries like Israel are trying to delay the efforts. On the other hand, countries like Saudi Arabia are strongly supporting JCPOA. It is, therefore, crucial that the next president of the United States with the support of other nations globally agree on ways of engaging Iran in the battle against the manufacture of dangerous weapons.

 

The United States has also been on the forefront against the Islamic republic for its domestic abuse. This has created a notion that the United States is always against the Islamic population especially against Iran. Therefore, it should first address the social issues before engaging Iran and other Islamic states in any kind of negotiations. Otherwise, it will be challenging to stop Iran in making missiles and nuclear. The fight will however not be easy since the European countries created the JCPOA and are not keen in addressing issues related with Iran.

Personal response

It might be a hard decision for Iran to stop its nuclear policy, Iran has always maintained that their nuclear weapons are meant for research and development purposes, however, according to more experienced nations, the country is not yet ready to handle nuclear capabilities safely. Therefore, it is important that the international community looks into ways of accepting the fact that Iran might not agree to abandon their nuclear projects and thus allow the country to use the expertise of professionals such as, the international atomic energy to determine whether the products produced can be harmful to the world before been released.

Again, Iran should be guided in the initiation of regulations and boundaries while making nuclear weapons. Those who handle nuclear apparatus should be more knowledgeable and careful. In addition, Iran should have limits in terms of nuclear weapons production while the scientists should not support policies that might have negative impacts in the long run. The Iranian government should also educate its citizens about the significance and the negative effects which might be caused by mishandling nuclear. In summary, these and other regulations should be aimed at preventing the Iranian population and the world at large of the negative implications that might occur in the event of a mismanaged nuclear program by Tehran.

 

Reference:

Cohen, E., Edelman, E. &Takeyh, R. (2016), Time to get tough on Tehran: Iran Policy after the Deal. Foreign Affairs, 66-75