What are some life stressed factors in New York? Why do those stress related factors raise your blood pressure?

Generally, there has been no known definition of stress that has been accepted by everyone. Therefore, it has been challenging to measure stress as a factor due to lack of a consensus on what stress should be or entail. However, different scholars and people have come up with very diverse notions in relation to their meaning of stress. Perhaps the most common definition of stress is that it is, physical, psychological, or emotional anxiety. In addition, another common definition of stress is that it is a feeling or a disorder experienced when an individual perceives or identifies demands that surpass the individual and social resources the person is capable of attaining.

The citizens of New York City report just about the same stress levels to other American citizens nationwide, in addition to this, their experiences with stress levels in their places of work is also similar (APA 5). Nevertheless, New Yorkers are very different in a number of ways. First, New Yorkers are more probable than other Americans in other parts of the country to ponder on housing costs as a major source of stress. When it comes to matters relating to their employment status, research studies have revealed that New Yorkers’ output may be affected negatively to a greater degree than other American employees nationally (APA 5).

Additionally, New Yorkers also have a tendency to sight more factors at their occupations as substantial sources of stress, as well as job insecurity, small salaries and inflexible working hours. According to statistics forwarded by the American Psychological Association, on a day-to-day or weekly basis, workmates and superiors coupled with spouses and partners are the two single most combined sources of stress among the residents of New York City and Americans generally (APA 9). Friends are also a source of stress for the residents of New York City. In fact, compared to other Americans generally, New York residents are three times more probable to attest that friends are a common source of stress.

On the other hand, compared to just 5% of New Yorkers, 21% of other Americans nationally are more probable to attest that a daughter is a day-to-day or weekly stressor (APA 9). Additionally, financial issues are also a cause for stress among the residents New York City. According to research conducted by the American Psychological Association in 2010, financial concerns have been on the increase as a cause of stress (APA 53). From the year 2009, there was a substantial increase in the proportion of adults who mentioned the economy as a key source of stress. In addition, personal health and safety are also major causes of stress.

These factors have been cited more often as substantial sources of stress since 2009 by the residents of New York (APA 53). Further research conducted in 2012 by the American Psychological Association suggested that satisfaction was increasing among the residents of New York, and stress appeared to be reducing for some New Yorkers (APA 61). However, the citizens of New York have continued to struggle particularly with matters concerning making behavior and lifestyle changes. Additionally, they experience challenges when it comes to succeeding in areas that are significant to them in life which to them are also factors causing stress (APA 61).


Reasons why those stress related factors raise the blood pressure

Generally, the body produces a flow of hormones when you are in a stressful situation. These hormones produced temporarily increase your blood pressure by causing the heart to beat quicker, therefore, causing your blood vessels to contract. These hormones that are produced by the body, basically prepare the body for the fight or flight reaction which immediately triggers the heart to beat quicker while narrowing the blood vessels as a way of getting more blood to the core of the body other than the extremities. The narrowing of the blood vessels basically increases the heart rate thereby raising the blood pressure of a person.

The increase in blood pressure is only temporary when the stressful situation is over, the blood pressure normally returns to its pre-stress phase a phenomenon referred to as situational stress, and its special effects are usually short-lived and fade when the stressful occurrence is over. It is also likely, that health disorders associated with stress, for instance, worry, despair, and seclusion from close people such as friends and family may be related to heart disease. However, there is no probable proof that they are related to high blood pressure. As an alternative, it could be that the hormones produced by the body when one is stressed might damage your arteries, thereby causing or lead to heart disease.

In conclusion, there is no evidence that stress by itself can lead to long-term high blood pressure. However, it might be that other behavior associated with stress, for instance, eating too much, consuming alcohol and poor sleeping habits causes high blood pressure. However, a vital factor to note is that short-term stress-associated increases in your blood pressure over time might put an individual at risk by developing enduring high blood pressure complications.


Works Cited:

American Psychological Association. Stress in America Findings, 2010. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2010/national-report.pdf

American Psychological Association. Stress in America New York City Report, 2008. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2008/10/new-york-report.pdf

American Psychological Association.Stress in America: Our Health at Risk, 2012. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2011/final-2011.pdf